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World Geography / Topography

Types of Plateaus in the World


    There are generally 4 types of plateaus in the world namely, Piedmont plateaus, Volcanic plateaus, Intermontane plateaus and Continental plateaus. A Plateau is an elevated flat-topped tableland that generally has at least on one side, a steep slope descending abruptly onto a lower land. Plateaus are generally very rich in mineral deposits. Because of rich mineral deposits, many mining centres around the world are located near the plateau regions.

    Piedmont Plateau

    Piedmont plateaus are located at the foot of a mountain range. Examples of such plateaus are Malwa Plateau on the foot of the Vindhya mountains, Deccan Plateau on the foot of the Sahyadri ranges, Patagonia Plateau on the foot of the Andes mountains, etc.

    Volcanic Plateau

    Volcanoes create several forms of plateaus ranging from smaller to larger plateaus. A volcanic plateau is created by the lava of volcanic eruptions that accumulate slowly over a period of time. Examples of Volcanic plateaus are Deccan Traps in India, Columbia Plateau of US, etc.

    Intermontane Plateau

    A plateau that is surrounded by hills and mountains is called Intermontane plateau. These are generally the highest and largest plateaus in the world. The examples of intermontane plateaus are Tibetan Plateau, Mexican Plateau, etc.

    Continental Plateau

    Unlike other plateaus which are located near to the mountains, Continental plateaus are surrounded on all the sides by either the plains or the seas. Examples of such plateaus are Chota Nagpur Plateau, Bundelkhand Plateau, etc.