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Medieval History / Early Medieval Era

Rashtrakuta Dynasty

    Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled between 753 and 982 AD in the Deccan region with initially Mayurkhandi and later Manyakheta as their capital. Dantidurga was founder of the Rashtrakutas. They were incharge of Rashtras during the rule of Badami Chalukyas.

    • Dantidurga built two beautiful cave temples in Ellora namely, Dasavatara cave temple and Ravan ki Khai cave temple. Rashtrakutas are the last rulers to patronize rock cut cave temples.
    • Second king Krishna I built the Kailasanatha cave temple (16th cave, World Heritage Center by UNESCO) at Ellora. It is the largest monolithic cave temple in the world. It is a replica of the Kailasanathar temple of Kanchi.
    • King Amoghavarsha I -
      • He ruled between 814 AD and 878 AD. He was the greatest among all Rashtrakuta kings.
      • He built a new city called Manyakheta (modern Malkheda). During his reign, the capital has been shifted from Mayurkhandi to Manyakheta.
      • He was a great scholar and he took the title Kaviraja. He wrote a book named Kavirajamarga. It is the first book written in Kannada language. The book is related to Grammar. He wrote another book in Sanskrit named Prashnottara Ratnamalika on Jainism.
      • He patronized the Jain religion. He had number of Jain scholars in his court like Mahaviracharya (Jain mathematician) who wrote a book Ganitasarasangraha in Sanskrit and Sakatayana who wrote a book named Amogavritti, a book on Grammar.
      • Amoghavarsha performed Sallekhana in a different manner. He did it by submerging himself in the waters of river Tungabhadra.
    • In 949 AD, king Krishna III fought a battle at Takkolam in which he defeated Parantaka Chola. He took the title Thanjavur Konda. He defeated the Pandyas later. Pillar of victory of Krishna III can be seen in Rameswaram.
    • In 973 AD, king Karka II was assassinated by a Samanta king named Tailapa II with which Rashtrakuta dynasty almost came to an end and Kalyani Chalukya dynasty came into existence. Last king Indra IV of Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled for some more time up to 982 AD with the remnant kingdom.