GK Chronicle GK Chronicle

Ancient History / Pre-Mauryan Era

16 Mahajanapadas and their Capitals


    The period between 600 BC to 300 BC can be termed as Pre Mauryan Age. It is also called the age of Shodasa (16) Mahajanapadas or the age of Buddha. During the starting of this period, sixteen kingdoms have emerged.

    Shodasa Mahajanapadas

    The following list shows these kingdoms and their capitals.


    Kingdom Capital
    Anga Champa
    Magadha Rajagriha later shifted to Pataliputra
    Vajji Vaishali
    Kashi Varanasi
    Kosala Sravasti
    Malla Pava and Kusinara
    Vatsa Kaushambi
    Kuru Hastinapur
    Surasena Mathura
    Panchala Ahichhatra and Kampilya
    Matsya Viratanagara
    Chedi Suktimati
    Avanti Ujjain
    Gandhara Takshasila or taxila
    Kamboja Rajapura
    Asmaka Podana

    At the end, that is around 350 BC, Magadha remained as the only kingdom annexing almost all the kingdoms into it.