There are eight major industrial regions of India. In these regions, more industries are concentrated because of their
favorable geo-economic backgrounds. These areas will have manufacturing plants or industries on a large scale and provide the people more number
of jobs. Location of industries are generally based on the vicinity of raw materials as well as the availability of the market. Raw materials
can be Gross raw materials, which lose considerable weight during production process and Pure raw materials, which do not lose their weight.
Hooghly industrial region is the most predominant industrial region in India with highly concentrated Jute industry. Other important industries that are
concentrated here are Cotton textiles, Leather-footwear, Chemicals, Paper, Electricals, Engineering, etc.
Due to availability of raw
materials like Iron ore, Forest produce, Jute, etc. in the hinterlands of Ganga and Brahmaputra, the industry got flourished here. There are
good transport (road, rail and water) facilities as well as cheap labour available here.
Mumbai Pune industrial region is one more important major industrial regions in India where Cotton
textile industries are heavily concentrated. Other industries that are concentrated here are Oil refineries, Chemicals and Fertilizers,
Engineering, Food Processing, Synthetic and Plastic goods, Pharmaceuticals, Electricals, etc.
Raw cotton from black soils of this
region, Cheap labour, Hydro power from Western Ghats, good transport facilities, good entrepreneur class of people, etc. are some of the
important factors for the development of industries in this region.
Ahmedabad Vadodara industrial region is also one of the industrial areas in India where Cotton textile industry is heavily concentrated. The other industries that are concentrated
here are Petrochemicals, Oil Refineries, Chemicals and Fertilizers, Pharmaceuticals, Engineering goods, Plastic and Leather industries, etc.
Availability of raw cotton, skilled labour, good transportation network, availability of enough electric power, etc. are some of the factors to
flourish industries in this industrial region of India.
Bangalore-Tamil Nadu Belt
Here also Cotton textile industry is heavily concentrated. The other important industries in Bangalore Tamil Nadu industrial region are Silk, Computer manufacturing,
Industrial Electronics, Sugar, Engineering goods, Railway wagon manufacturing, many public sector undertakings, etc.
cotton, sugarcane, cheap labour, sufficient electricity due to hydro projects, proximity to consuming centers, etc. are some the reasons for
growth of the industry here.
Chota Nagpur Plateau Region
Chota Nagpur Plateau industrial region is concentrated with metallurgical and mining industries. Other industries that are concentrated here are Engineering goods, Iron and Steel industries,
Transportation equipment, etc.
Vast railway network, cheap labour, development of thermal power, concentration of minerals like, coal,
iron, mica, bauxite, copper, limestone, etc. are the main factors for flourishing of industries here.
In Gurgaon Delhi Meerut industrial region, the industries established are market oriented. Sugar, Vanaspati, Glass, Automobile, Chemicals, Textile, Engineering goods,
Paper, Electronics, Software industry, etc. are established in this industrial region of India.
The industries that are developed in Visakhapatnam Guntur industrial region include Paper, Fertilizers, Sugar, Cement, Aluminum, Steel, Petrochemical, Engineering
goods, etc. The natural gas that is found in Krishna-Godavari basin region helps in the growth of this industrial belt in India.
Of all the 8 major industrial regions of India, Kollam Thiruvananthapuram industrial region is a relatively smaller industrial region dominated by agricultural processing and
market oriented industries.
Other industries here include Fish processing, Sugar, Glass, Rubber, Chemicals and fertilizers, Coconut
coir products, Cement, etc.