GK Chronicle GK Chronicle

Indian Geography / Transportation in India

Rail Transport in India

    Rail transport in India account for nearly 2/5th of passenger traffic and 2/3rd freight traffic in India. It is a State owned transporter working under a separate ministry called Ministry of Railways, Government of India. Indian railway system ranks fourth in the world after US, Russia and China. Indian railway network is world's second largest network under a single management after USA. The first passenger train in India was run between Bori Bunder ( Mumbai ) and Thane on on 16th April, 1853 stretching a length of 34 km.

    The Railway Board, which is under the supervision of Ministry of Railways, is looking after the management and administration of Indian Railways. The complete rail network is divided into different zones. Each zone is being headed by a General Manager, who is accountable to the Railway Board. The highest traffic of trains are running on network of Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai. In order to relieve the burden, dedicated freight corridors are getting constructed. Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor runs from Ludhiana in the state of Punjab to Dankuni near Kolkata. Western Dedicated Freight Corridor runs from Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust near Mumbai to Dadri near Delhi.

    Organizations Related to Railways

    • Research Design and Standards Organization ( RDSO ), Lucknow
    • Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, Gwalior
    • Chittaranjan Locomotives Works, West Bengal
    • Integral Coach Factory, Perambur, Chennai
    • Rail Wheel Factory, Bengaluru
    • Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala, Punjab
    • Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi
    • National Academy of Indian Railways ( NAIR ), Vadodara

    Railway Zones of India

    India is divided into 18 railway zones. They are

    1. Northern Railway, New Delhi
    2. North Eastern Railway, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
    3. North Western Railway, Jaipur, Rajasthan
    4. North Central Railway, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
    5. North East Frontier Railway, Maligaon, Guwahati, Assam
    6. Central Railway, Mumbai, Maharashtra
    7. Western Railway, Mumbai CST, Maharashtra
    8. West Central Railway, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
    9. Eastern Railway, Kolkata, West Bengal
    10. East Central Railway, Hajipur, Bihar
    11. East Coast Railway, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
    12. Southern Railway, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
    13. South Eastern Railway, Kolkata, West Bengal
    14. South Western Railway, Hubli, Karnataka
    15. South Central Railway, Secunderabad, Telangana
    16. South East Central Railway, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
    17. Kolkata Metro, Kolkata, West Bengal
    18. South Coast Railway, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh