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Indian Geography / Settlements in India

Primitive Tribal Groups in India and the World


    The most populous primitive tribal groups in India are Gonds of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana and Maharastra, Bhils of North Gujarat and adjacent Rajasthan, Santals, Oraons and Mundas of Jharkhand, Meenas and Gujjars of Rajasthan and adjoining states and Nagas of North-East India ( largest tribe of NE India ).

    Primitive Tribes of India

    • Adiyan or Eravas – Kerala Hills, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
    • Apatani – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Adi – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Aimol – Manipur
    • Baiga – Madhya Pradesh
    • Bakarwal ( nomads ) – Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh
    • Bishnoi – Rajasthan
    • Bodo – Assam
    • Buksa – Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh
    • Bhutia – Sikkim, Uttarakhand
    • Chakma – Tripura, Assam, West Bengal
    • Charan – Gujarat
    • Chenchu – Andhra Pradesh
    • Gaddi – Himachal Pradesh
    • Garo – Meghalaya
    • Gujjars – Rajasthan, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand
    • Hakki Pikki – Karnataka
    • Ho – Jharkhand
    • Lahauli – Himachal Pradesh
    • Lepcha – Sikkim, Darjeeling Hills
    • Mishmi – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Momba – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Mao – Nagaland
    • Naik – Goa, Karnataka
    • Munda – Jharkhand
    • Savara – North coastal Andhra Pradesh, Odisha
    • Khond – Odisha
    • Sugali / Lambada – Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh
    • Tharu – Uttar Pradesh
    • Toda – Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu
    • Kadar – Kerala Hills
    • Puliyan – Kerala Hills
    • Varli or Warli – Maharashtra, Gujarat
    • Wancho – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Yobin – Arunachal Pradesh
    • Sangma – Meghalaya
    • Jarawa, Onge, Nicobarese, Sentinelese, Shompen - Andaman and Nicobar Islands

    Primitive Tribes of the World

    • Inuit / Eskimos ( live in Igloos ) - Alaska, North Canada, Greenland, Iceland
    • Blackfoot, Crow, Cree - USA ( Central Plains )
    • Lacandon - Central America ( Mexico, Guatemala, Belize )
    • Berber, Maghreb - Northern Africa ( Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco )
    • Fulani - West African countries
    • Nubian - Egypt, Sudan
    • Maasai ( pastoral nomads ) - Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
    • Hausa – Nigeria
    • Bantu – Angola
    • Bushman / San – Kalahari desert region of Namibia, Botswana
    • Pygmies ( short stature people ) – Congo
    • Tuareg ( camel riders ) - Libya, Chad
    • Zulu, Hottentot - South Africa
    • Bedouin / Bedu ( horse riders who live in yurts, made up of animal skin ) - Arabian Desert
    • Kirghiz or Kyrgyz – Central Asian steppes
    • Yakut – Siberia ( Central and Eastern )
    • Chukchi tribe – North Eastern Siberia
    • Sami – Scandinavian region ( Norway, Sweden )
    • Finns – Finland
    • Uyghur – West china, North China
    • Pashtuns – Afghanistan and West Pakistan
    • Baloch – Balochistan region of Pakistan
    • Semang – Malaysia
    • Siamese – Thailand
    • Mon – Myanmar
    • Kachin – Myanmar
    • Khmer – Cambodia
    • Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese, Asmat – Indonesia
    • Bindibu – Australia
    • Tasmanian – Tasmania in Australia
    • Maoris – New Zealand