GK Chronicle GK Chronicle

General Knowledge / India GK / National Parks and Heritage Sites

List of Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere Reserves are the UNESCO designated sites located in different countries. These sites can be large areas extending over marine or terrestrial ecosystems or combination of both. The concept of Biosphere Reserve was started by UNESCO in 1971.

The main purpose of Biosphere reserve is to conserve the biodiversity of the region and at the same time balance the social and economic development while upholdiong the associated cultural values. A Biosphere reserve is partitioned into 3 zones namely, Core Zone, Buffer Zone and Transition Zone. The first Biosphere reserve in India that was established in 1986 was Nilgiri. By declaring and establishing Biosphere Reserves, National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Wetland Sites, Government is trying to conserve the nature as much as possible.

Biosphere Reserves in India

There are 18 Biosphere reserves in India. The following sequence shows the list of Biosphere Reserves in India. The Biosphere Reserves are arranged from North to South.

    Sl. No. Biosphere Reserve Name Location
    1 Cold Desert Himachal Pradesh
    2 Nanda Devi Uttarakhand
    3 Dihang-Dibang Arunachal Pradesh
    4 Khangchendzonga Sikkim
    5 Manas Assam
    6 Dibru-Saikhowa Assam
    7 Sunderbans West Bengal
    8 Nokrek Meghalaya
    9 Pachmarhi Madhya Pradesh
    10 Panna Madhya Pradesh
    11 Achanakmar-Amarkantak Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
    12 Kachchh (largest in area) Gujarat
    13 Simlipal Odisha
    14 Seshachalam Hills Andhra Pradesh
    15 Nilgiri Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
    16 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu
    17 Agasthyamalai Kerala and Tamil Nadu
    18 Great Nicobar Andaman and Nicobar Islands