General Knowledge / India GK / National Parks and Heritage Sites
Biosphere Reserves in India
Biosphere Reserves are the UNESCO designated sites located in different countries. These sites can be large areas extending over marine or terrestrial ecosystems or combination of both. The main purpose of Biosphere reserve is to conserve the biodiversity of the region and at the same time balance the social and economic development while upholding the associated cultural values. The first Biosphere reserve in India that was established in 1986, was Nilgiri Biosphere reserve. The largest Biosphere reserve in India is Kachchh Biosphere reserve. The smallest Biosphere reserve in India is Dibru-Saikhowa.
The concept of Biosphere Reserve was started by UNESCO in 1971. Biosphere reserves can be declared either by the state or central governments by notification. After its establishment as a biosphere reserve, the Governments can nominate it to be listed under the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR), based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. A Biosphere reserve is partitioned into 3 zones namely, Core Zone, Buffer Zone and Transition Zone.
List of Biosphere Reserves in India
The total Biosphere reserves in India are 18 in number. The following sequence shows the list of Biosphere Reserves in India. The Biosphere Reserves are
arranged from North to South.
||Biosphere Reserve Name
||Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
||Kachchh (largest in area)
||Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
||Gulf of Mannar
||Kerala and Tamil Nadu
||Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Of the 18 Biosphere reserves in India, 12 Biosphere reserves are recognized internationally under the WNBR, based on the UNESCO's MAB
Programme. They are Nilgiri, Gulf of Mannar, Sunderban, Nanda Devi, Nokrek, Pachmarhi,
Similipal, Achanakmar - Amarkantak, Great Nicobar, Agasthyamalai, Khangchendzonga and Panna Biosphere Reserves. Panna is the latest entrant to