General Knowledge / India GK / States and Union Territories
List of RAMSAR Sites in India
The Ramsar Convention, also called Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, was held in 1971 in the city of
Ramsar in Iran for conserving and sustainable use of wetlands and acknowledging the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their
cultural, scientific, economic and recreational importance. Every year, 2nd of February is celebrated as World Wetlands Day.
By declaring and establishing Wetland Sites, National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries,
Government is trying to conserve the nature as much as possible.
RAMSAR Wetland Sites in India
Presently, there are 75 RAMASAR sites in India. In 1981, Chilika Lake in Odisha became the first RAMSAR site in India that is designated
under the Ramsar Convention and it is also the largest Ramsar Site in india. The smallest Ramsar Site in India is Renuka Wetland in Himachal P
The newly added 11 Ramsar sites in India, which were added on 13th August 2022, are
- Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
- Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex, Tamil Nadu
- Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
- Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary,
- Tampara Lake, Odisha
- Hirakud Reservoir, Odisha
- Ansupa Lake, Odisha
- Hygam Wetland
Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
- Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
- Yashwant Sagar,
- Thane Creek, Maharashtra.
India established the Centre for Wetland Conservation and Management (CWCM) under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
(MoEF&CC) for promoting sustainable and integrated management of marine and coastal areas in India.
Presently, Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan and Loktak Lake in Manipur are the two wetlands in India that are in the Montreux record.
The Montreux Record is a register of RAMASAR sites, where ecological changes have happened, are happening, or are likely to happen
because of pollution, technological developments or other human interference.
List of RAMSAR Sites
The following list shows total RAMSAR sites in India. The states and the Union Territories in India and their list of RAMSAR Sites are
arranged from North to South.