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Modern History / Gandhian Movement

Non Cooperation Movement in India

    Non Cooperation Movement in India was initiated on 1st August, 1920. The activities of Non Cooperation Movement were very much similar to the Swadeshi Movement.

    Programmes of Non Cooperation Movement

    • Boycott of Educational Institutions - In one and half years, 90000 students boycotted schools. Around 800 indigenous educational institutions were set up.

    • Boycott British Goods - British goods were boycotted, particularly textiles. In 1920-1921, import bill of textiles were 102 crores. In 1921-1922, import bill of textiles were 57 crores.

      Spinning wheel (Charkha) was projected as the alternative for self sufficiency. Congress party created a fund and purchased 20 lakh Charkhas to distribute among the poor. Charkha became the symbol of the National Movement.

    • Boycott of Legislatures - 1920 general elections were boycotted by the Congress party. All the members gave their resignations.

    • Boycott of Courts - Lawyers who left their profession were Motilal Nehru, Deshbandhu C.R. Das, Vallabhai Patel, M.R. Jayakar, etc.

    • Boycott of Titles - Mahatma Gandhi gave back his Kaiser-e-Hind that he got it from the British in South Africa. It has to be noted that Rabindranath Tagore surrendered his Knighthood in protestation against Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

    • Boycott of British Offices - People stopped going to the Government offices in order to bring the administration to a standstill.

    • And finally, boycott of visit of the Prince of Wales in 1921.

    • On the issue Chauri Chaura incident on 5th February, 1922, the Non Cooperation movement in India was stopped on 12th February.

      In Chauri Chaura incident, a police station was burnt and 22 policemen died. With this incident, Gandhiji suspended the Movement.