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Indian Polity / State Executive

Government of the State - Council of Ministers


    Article 163 says that there shall be State Council of Ministers headed by a Chief Minister to assist and advise the Governor in exercising his functions except in areas that come under the discretionary powers or the special responsibilities of the Governor.

    • The State Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and on the advice of Chief Minister, the Governor appoints other Ministers and they hold their office during the pleasure of Governor.
    • The Council of Ministers in the state are collectively together responsible to the State Legislative Assembly.
    • Governor administers the oath of the Council of Ministers.
    • Any non-member of the State Legislature can become a Minister provided he has to be got elected to the State Legislature within six months from taking oath as a Minister.
    • Duties of the Chief Minister towards the Governor -
      • He shall communicate to the Governor all the decisions taken by the Council of Ministers regarding administration of affairs of the concerned State and proposals for legislation.
      • If Governor asks for such information regarding administration of affairs of the concerned State and proposals for legislation, he has to furnish it.
      • If a Minister has taken a decision on any matter but it has not been looked at by the Council of Ministers, the Governor may ask to produce the matter before the Council of Ministers.