Indian Polity / Union Executive
Election, Vacancy, Powers and Functions of Vice President of India
Articles 63 to 71 of the Indian Constitution talk about the election, vacancy, powers and functions of Vice President of India. The tenure of Vice President of India is generally 5 years. The Constitution of India did not provide the information for acting Vice President. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is the first vice president of India.
Vice President receives the salary as chairman of Rajya Sabha. The salary cannot be cut down at any instant. He is also eligible for pension
after his retirement. Parliament of India fixes salary and other emoluments of Vice President of India and it is charged on Consolidated Fund
How is Vice President of India Elected
- Election of Vice President of India is similar to that of the election of President
but the electoral college is different. The electoral college of Vice President of India consists of all the members of the Parliament
including the nominated members.
- When the Vice President of India is elected by the Parliamentarians, the value of each vote is considred the same and is equal to 1.
- The nomination of Vice President candidate should be proposed by 20 members and it should be supported by 20 members. He
has to make the deposit of Rs 15,000 in RBI.
- Prior to 1961, the Vice President used to be elected in a joint sitting of the Parliament. But in 1961, in the
11th Constitutional Amendment, this system was changed. Now, Vice President of India is elected by both the Houses of Parliament
Qualifications for Vice President of India
The qualifications required to contest for Vice President of India are
- He must be a citizen of India either natural or naturalized.
- He should have completed 35 years of age at the date of notification for the election of vice President of India.
- He should not have any proven criminal charges.
- He should not hold any office of profit. However, certain public offices are exempted from office of profit.
- He should not be declared as financially insolvent and he should be physically as well as mentally sound.
Vacancy of Vice President
Vacancy for the office of the Vice President of India happens when
- Completion of the Tenure of the vice President.
- Resigning of Vice of President from the office by addressing it to the President.
- By removal, which is not an impeachment but a simple removal process. No specific ground is mentioned in our Constitution for the
removal of Vice President, usually violation of Constitution is presumed.
- If the Supreme Court of India invalidates the election of Vice President of India.
- During the death of incumbent Vice President.
Powers and Functions of Vice President of India
The powers and functions of Vice President of India include
- Vice President is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha.
- He acts as President in case of vacuum occurs in the office of President because of resignation, removal, death or invalidation of
election for maximum of 6 months.
- Vice President of India discharges functions of the President if the President is unable to function due to ill health, being in
abroad or any other ground. There is no time duration as to what duration he will discharge such function. He will discharge until the
President is available.
- Vice President while discharging duty as President, should not preside over Rajya Sabha.
Procedure for Removal of Vice President
- The removal procedure must be initiated only in the Rajya Sabha because he is the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha.
- Before such resolution is introduced, a notice must be served 14 days in advance to the Rajya Sabha and it must be signed by
1/4th members of Rajya Sabha.
- After that, if the Upper House approves the Motion with a majority vote (effective majority) and then if Lower House approves
the Motion with same majority, the Vice President is removed. Both the Houses have to approve separately.
- In case of conflict there will not be any joint session, therefore the Motion is defeated. Till today, no Vice President is removed.