Indian Polity / Directive Principles
The significance and importance of Directive Principles of State Policy in Indian Constitution is to set up a welfare state or a socialistic pattern of society. The
directive principles are also known as non-justiciable rights. The directives aim at the community well being. These directives contain the socio-economic
philosophy of the Constitution.
Features of Directive Principles of State Policy
Articles related to the directive principles are not self-executory, the Government should take care of the implementation of directive principles of state
policy. These are the instructions to the Government to accomplish an egalitarian society. Though the Government has the obligation to implement the directive
principles, no one can go to the courts of law for their implementation as they are non-justiciable. Since the directive principles imbibe great moral values,
no government can avoid or go against them. Directive principles reflect the aspirations and intentions of the people of the country and hence they are included
into the constitution. As these are the fundamental principles of governance, their implementation is unavoidable if the country wants to progress socially and
List of Directive Principles of State Policy
- Article 38 deals with securing socio-economic justice with the policies of the Government.
- Article 39 provides certain principles like men and women should get paid equal pay for equal work and equal opportunities in work.
- Article 39A says free legal aid to the poor people.
- Article 40 says establishment of Panchayati Raj Institutions for achieving Gram Swaraj.
- Article 41 deals with right to work or employment, right to public assistance and right to education.
- Article 42 says Government should provide and take measures for just and humane working conditions and maternity relief to women.
- Article 43 says there should be living wages for workers and security of their job.
- Article 43A says about participation of the employees in the management of industry which is nothing but profit sharing.
- Article 44 says about implementation of uniform civil code. This is the only directive principle so far not implemented except in the state of Goa.
- Article 45 says free and compulsory pre-primary education to all the children below the age of 6 years.
- Article 46 says upliftment of the downtrodden especially SCs, STs and OBCs.
- Article 47 talks about prohibition of all intoxicants, drugs, liquors which are injurious to the public health. It is the duty of the State to raise the
level of nutrition and increase the standard of living and to ameliorate public health.
- Article 48 says about banning of slaughtering of cows and other animals which are useful for agriculture and dairy development.
- Article 48A says about protection of environment and the wildlife.
- Article 49 says about protection of places of historical significance and other monuments.
- Article 50 says about separation of Executive from Judiciary.
- Article 51 says that all international disputes or the border disputes must be solved or resolved through negotiations peacefully and amicably across the
table without resorting to war.