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Indian Polity / Fundamental Rights

Right to Religion in Indian Constitution

Articles 25 to 28 in the Indian Constitution talk about Right to religion as a fundamental right. These rights talk about professing the religion of one's choice, establishing religious institutions, not taxing the persons based on religion, etc.

Right to Freedom of Religion in India

  • Article 25 says every person according to his conscience can profess, practice, preach and disseminate the religion of his choice. There are certain limitations to this kind of freedom.

    Though propagating a religion is allowed, it should not involve in religious conversion by force, fraud or allurement.

    These rights are subjected to morality, public order, health and other provisions of Part III of the Constitution. No one can breach such conditions in the name of freedom of religion.

    State can restrict or regulate any political, financial or any other activity associated with religious practice.

  • Article 26 talks about establishment of religious institutions and managing these religious institutions. This right is also subjected to public order, morality and health. Similarly, establishments should be in accordance with State made laws.

  • Article 27 says no tax shall be levied or collected only on the basis of religion. However, fee can be collected to provide some service to pilgrims and to meet administrative expenses.

  • Article 28 says no particular religious instructions shall be given in any educational institution, which is maintained by State funds.