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Indian Polity / Citizenship

Termination of Citizenship in India

    The Indian Constitution does not provide the detailed provisions regarding termination of Citizenship in India. The Indian Constitution let the Parliament for making rules and regulations to terminate the citizenship. Accordingly, in the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955, we can find the manner in which the citizenship of India may be lost.

    • Renunciation - It is a voluntary act by which an individual holding the citizenship of India as well as citizenship of another country may renounce any one of them.
    • Termination - It shall happen by operation of law as soon as an Indian citizen acquires voluntarily the citizenship of another country.
    • Deprivation - It is a mandatory termination of the Indian citizenship, by an order of the Indian Government, if it is satisfied as to the happening of certain eventualities. For example, citizenship will be deprived, if the person has shown himself to be disloyal towards the Indian Constitution or if a person has acquired Indian Citizenship by fraud or if a person has unlawful contact with enemy during war or if a person stays continuously for seven years outside India or if a person gets imprisonment of two years in any other country within five years after naturalization or registration.
Extra Information

    • Persons of Indian Origin ( PIOs ), who have migrated from India after 26th January, 1950, can have an Overseas Citizenship of India ( OCI ) status provided their home countries, under their laws, allow dual citizenship. This facility is not available to PIOs of Bangladesh and Pakistan.
    • Under OCI status, the following facilities are available -
      • PIOs are exempted from registration with Foreign Registration Officer for any duration of stay within India
      • They can have multi-purpose, multiple entry and lifelong visas to visit India
      • They can have parity with non-resident Indians ( NRIs ) with regard to all the facilities in economic, educational and financial fields but they are not allowed in acquisition of agricultural / plantation properties