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Indian Polity / Fundamental Rights

Right against Exploitation in India

    Articles 23 to 24 deal with Right against Exploitation. Exploitation means forcing or compelling a person to do a work which he is not willing to do.

    • Article 23 says trafficking in human beings especially women and children is prohibited. Trafficking means forcing women and children into bonded labour, slavery, prostitution, Devadasi systems, etc. That is indecency, obscenity, immorality against women and children is crime.

      Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1986 deals with various forms of trafficking in the human beings. Similarly, Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 deals with all kinds of bonded or forced labour in India.

    • Article 24 says no child or children below the age of 14 shall be getting employed in any factory or mine. He cannot be employed in any hazardous environment but there is no restriction of working in non-hazardous environment.

      The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 mentions the sectors which cannot employ child labour. It also specifies the work hours, rest periods, working conditions, etc. so as to reduce the exploitation of children in the non-hazardous sectors.