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Indian Polity / Union Legislature

Presiding Officers in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha


    Article 93 talks about Speaker, Deputy Speaker and Panel Speakers in Lok Sabha. Article 89 talks about Chairman, Deputy Chairman and Panel Chairmen in Rajya Sabha.

    Speaker of Loka Sabha

    • Presiding officer of Lower House is called Speaker and he is elected by the members of Lok Sabha for a term of 5 years. However, office of the Speaker continues notwithstanding the dissolution of Lok Sabha until new Speaker is elected but it is not applicable to Deputy Speaker.
    • He must be a member of Lok Sabha at the time of election of the Speaker. It is also applicable to Deputy Speaker.
    • Lok Sabha itself removes the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker by a resolution of a majority vote. Whenever, the resolution is pending against the removal of the Speaker, he should not preside over Lok Sabha.
    • The salary and other allowances of Speaker and Deputy Speaker are fixed by the Parliament of India and are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India as mentioned in second Schedule of the Constitution.
    • Protem Speaker - President of India appoints the Protem Speaker in order to administer the oath of the newly elected members and also to facilitate the election of the Speaker of Lok Sabha. Once Speaker is elected, the Protem Speaker is dissolved.

    Powers and functions of the Speaker

    • He presides over Lok sabha and conducts the business of the Lower House and maintains order, decorum and discipline in the House.
    • Nothing can be allowed in the House without the prior permission of speaker.
    • Speaker certifies as to whether a Bill is said to be a Money Bill or an Ordinary Bill. His certification is final and can not be called into question in the court of law.
    • He protects the privileges and rights of the members and the Lower House under Article 105.
    • The Speaker exercises his casting vote in case of tie. In case of a resolution in the removal of the Speaker, he exercises his voting as an ordinary member. He has to vote at the first instance and not in case of tie.
    • The Panel Speakers are appointed by the Speaker. They preside over the House for time being in case of Speaker and Deputy Speaker are not available.

    Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha

    Article 89 says Vice-President is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. Deputy Chairman is elected by members of the Rajya Sabha only for the term of 6 years and he is also removed by the members of Rajya Sabha. The tenure of Chairman is 5 years as the tenure of Vice-President is 5 years. Regarding the powers and functions of the Deputy Chairman are similar to the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha.